General systems theory: The skeleton of science. The attention should be given so overall effectiveness of the system rather than effectiveness of any sub-system if isolation. After all, a management system might use its self-representing model of organisational activity to perform a variety of tasks. According to Systems Theory and Social Work by Steven Walker, in 2019,, there are three broad schools of interventions that can be identified. Management Sci. The general theory is reviewed … The Systems Theory was developed in the early 60s. But - so far - this does not describe the function of any specific management system. This systems approach looks upon the management as a ‘System’ of as an organized whole make up of sub-systems integrated into a unity or orderly totality. Since human goal-directed behavior is regulated by such processes, systems theory is also very useful for psychological research. The following are illustrative examples of systems theory. Modern Organizational Theories – Systems Theory. Systems theory is the study of independent and interconnected things that work together as a system. In practice, systems theory is used to understand complex systems that are impossible to fully model, predict or understand using standard thinking such as analysis. Systems theory is product of the efforts of many researchers to create an intermediate field of coexistence of all sciences. And Systems Theory adds that management consists of systems for generating a global self-representation of organisational activity. The general theory is reviewed for the reader. Intervention with Systems Theory. Systems theory provides a powerful method for the description of homeostatic systems, that is, systems in which feedback-controlled regulation processes occur. It took where management process school left off in attempting to unify management theory. The backbone of change management is composed of a variety of hard and soft sciences drawn upon psychology, sociology, business administration, economics, industrial engineering, systems engineering (Nickols, 2007). With a conceptual and analytical base, it attaches a great significance on empirical research data.. Towards a Systems Theory approach in Change Management. April 197--208.]. SYSTEMS THEORY AND MANAGEMENT* RICHARD A. JOHNSON, FREMONT E. KAST, AND JAMES E. ROSENZWEIG University of Washington, Seattle Ludwig von Bertalanffy, in 1951, and Kenneth Boulding, in 1956, wrote articles which have provided a modern foundation for general systems theory [1, 21. We build on that foundation in applying general systems theory to management. We build on that foundation in applying general systems theory to management.