[1] Thus, it is commonplace to hear variants like ei plant hi for 'her children' and even plant fi for 'my children'[1] (the latter example is definitely considered to be sub-standard but is gaining ground in areas of South Wales with younger speakers[1]). [1] As discussed above, plural adjectives can be used as nouns to mean a general term for all of something, i.e. The word fy is possibly the only Welsh word whose spelling in no way resembles its actual pronunciation. LLYFR TRWM (a heavy book). right now. Last Update: 2020-06-17 Usage Frequency: 1 Quality: Reference: Anonymous. and a pronoun. from nouns,[1] often displaying changes within the word:[1], It appears in many loanwords from English adjs. Examples: In formally spoken and written Welsh, however, a different set of demonstrative adjectives is generally used. [1] It is followed (in the modern language) by a plural noun: amryw ddynion 'several men'; amryw lyfrau 'several books'. Examples: As in English, there are two methods for this in Welsh and the decision on which to choose is largely based on a word's length. [1] Similarly, 'the other one' can be either y llall or yr un arall. Welsh. Examples of mutation patterns with plant – 'children': Examples of mutation patterns with cath – 'cat': Examples of mutation patterns with tŷ – 'house': As can be seen from the above table, the plural forms do not cause consonant mutation, but all of the singular forms cause mutations – but remember: not all consonants are affected. [1], The Welsh for 'than' is na (nag before vowels) and it should cause aspirate mutation (Welsh: treiglad llaes) to a following word, though in reality this mutation is not as wide-spread in speech as the literary standard would have us believe;[3] only C /k/ is regularly mutated while T and P are often left unmutated.[3]. [1], Ambell means 'occasional' (and causes soft mutation). The above mutation patterns are considered "standard" for the spoken language and are what would be taught in adult learners' classes, however, there are variations from region to region – mostly with regards to the nasal and aspirate mutations which are often avoided by many speakers. This usage will be encountered: In all cases, the consonant mutation patterns after possessive adjectives remain unchanged,[1] e.g. often revert to their masculine forms when separated from the noun by other words,[1] especially yn: Some Welsh adjs. [1] The latter is similar in meaning to the expression o bryd i'w gilydd. instinctively. [1] Examples: With sequences of adjs. [1], The most productive suffix, by far, is -(i)ol which forms a vast number of Welsh adjs.,[1] mostly from nouns:[1], The suffix -aidd can be added to adjectives to moderate their sense, as with English -ish:[1], In borrowed words it often corresponds to English -ic(al):[1], The suffix -adwy is added to verb-stems,[1] and corresponds to English -able, -ible:[1]. [1] In fact, the usual expression for 'my father' is simply nhad[1] [< tad]. ?' at the beginning. [1] The term 'hard mutation' is often used and is similar to that of the Cornish hard mutation - however this is not a term used by all grammarians for this phenomenon in Welsh, some refer to 'hardening' or 'fortition' or 'fortis/lenis pairs'. Pob also appears in a number of common idioms, sometimes with a fixed soft mutation (i.e. Colloquial Welsh adjectives deals with the adjectives (Welsh: ansoddair) of the colloquial Welsh language, the spoken register of the modern Welsh language as spoken in Wales by first-language speakers. instantly. [1] In the modern colloquial language only a few have preserved this distinction:[1]. – 'a red ball'; 'what kind of book is it?' Add a translation. but the plurals: ystafelloedd byw; cyllyll bara; siopau blodau; rhaglenni teledu. (adsbygoogle=window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Welsh topics   |   Welsh lessons   |   Welsh games   |   Welsh tests   |   Welsh vocabulary, Learn Welsh home   |   About Learn Welsh   |   FAQ   |   Contact   |   Teach Welsh, Select your interface language:English     |     español     |     Deutsch, Select your view:Desktop     |     Mobile, Copyright 2020 ic language ltd - all rights reservedSite Version: 09, Words for describing things (adjectives) in Welsh, Play some games to practice the topic   ". cryfion. This cat is young, but the other (one) is old. [1] Many learners often make the mistake of using it after eich 'your' (*eich hysgol chi) which is incorrect and must be avoided.[1]. (i) You’ll notice ‘long’ Welsh adjectives are not necessarily ‘long’ in English and vice versa (ii) One or two adjectives will follow this pattern although they are short. modifiers generally come before the adj.:[1]. [1] The definite article ('the' in English) is placed before the noun and the adjectives 'ma 'here' and 'na 'there' are placed after it.