These are the direct pronouns in Italian: Direct pronouns are used to indicate the direct recipient of the action of a verb, and they replace object nouns. Oaky, let’s do this: first of all, we’ll give you three rules that are necessary to use direct and indirect pronouns together and then let’s see if you can transform this sentence! In other words, they replace indirect object nouns, to avoid repetition. (Bring her the present! Indirect pronouns are the ones we commonly use with the verb, In this example the pronouns TI and Mi are indirect pronouns and “Il gelato” is the subject. Now, there’s only one last question to discuss… What happens with the pronoun of third person plural “loro“? Sometimes they can be very complicated, but you will see that after reading this article, the Italian pronouns will no longer have secrets! ho telefonato./ Did you talk to Luigi on the phone? Here you should take into account what we discussed before, that is the fact that there are two possible solutions: Therefore, the sentence Federico regala a loro i suoi gioielli might be transformed in two ways: Federico li regala loro or Federico glieli regala (Federico gives them to them), Yes, we’re done! Federico regala a loro i suoi gioielli (Federico gives his jewels to them). The replacement is very easy to do, you just have to keep this in mind: Let’s try to replace the “strong” direct pronouns with the “weak” direct pronouns. What?”. We will call you tonight. If you still have doubts and you want to study the Italian gerund more in depth, take a look at the lesson we realized about this topic! var ss_form = {'account': 'MzawMDE1MjcxBAA', 'formID': 'MzIySjG0NDLVTUpNM9c1MUpM1bUwNErRtTRISjWySEwzTzZPAQA'}; (Marcello and Federico cooked spaghetti for the whole family! // ss_form.polling = true; // Optional parameter: set to true ONLY if your page loads dynamically and the id needs to be polled continually. mangio spesso!/ Do you like ice cream? Tel: +39 02 29 53 13 59, Copyright 2019 ELLCI Milano Italian Language School. Miriana ha telefonato a Luca = Miriana gli ha telefonato (Miriana phoned Luca = Miriana phoned him). 20131 | MILANO | ITALY Let’s start! (Yes, I bought them!). Find it out with this TEST. Yes, I eat them. Just remember that if you decide to put the pronoun after the verb, this binds to the infinitive verb (which loses the final -e). In this example the pronouns TI and Mi are indirect pronouns and “Il gelato” is the subject. Do I Speak Foreign Languages Properly? Luca sogna sempre le sue cugine = Luca le sogna (Luca always dreams about his cousins = Luca always dreams about them). (My friends always writes me some messages! Let’s go back to this example: I cannot say, spiega li l’insegnante, but the correct order is : pronouns + verb + subject. the thing that Romeo bought is “a bunch of flowers”; Romeo didn't buy “her” as if she were a slave. Be careful! Italians use “weak” direct pronouns a lot! (Looking at her carefully, I noticed she was crying), Prendendolo violentemente, si rompe. – Hai comprato le mele? In fact, you will rarely hear sentences like: As you might have noticed, direct pronouns usually go before the verb, except in five cases, in which they are put after the verb. ), – Sì, le ho comprate! Yes, I eat them. Direct and indirect pronouns usually precede the verb. Other similar verbs are to. This happens with all compound verbs, that is, those formed by the auxiliary avere and the past participle (for example the past tense, the future perfect, the past subjunctive and the compound conditional). You use stressed indirect object pronouns only if you really want to put an emphasis on the pronoun and they go after the verb. In the following table, you will find a list and some examples. Yeah, this indirect pronoun is always used after the verb! ”/ Did you eat the biscuits? Ornella la vende loro oppure Ornella gliela vende