write an equation to describe the hydrolysis of an ester under acidic or basic conditions. Consider a very simple ester such as ethyl ethanoate. An ester can be recognised from its name by the endings of the two parts of its name shown in bold e.g. The figure below shows its formation from ethanoic acid and ethanol. 1) Protonation of the Carbonyl. Fats, oils, waxes, and sterols are collectively known as lipids.The broad class of substances known as fats don't have a common structure, but can be generally classified as esters of fatty acids and glycerol.There can be one to three ester linkages of fatty acid chains to the glycerol, leading to the classification as monoglycerides, diglycerides and triglycerides. Mechanism. discuss the wide occurrence of esters in nature, and their important commercial uses, giving one example of an ester linkage in nature, and one example of a commercially important ester. Fats. 4) Leaving group removal. ethyl ethanoate. Esters can be made from carboxylic acids and alcohols. In animals, esters serve a vital function in physiology. This is discussed in detail on another page; in general terms, the two combine together, losing a molecule of water in the process. St Andrew’s and St Bride’s High Higher Chemistry Esters, Fats and Oils Page 2 of 17 Esters Esters are compounds made from alcohols and carboxylic acids. An ester linkage is the bonding between fatty acids and glycerol that characterizes true fats. In a fat, 3 fatty acids are joined to 1 glycerol by ester linkage, forming triacylglycerol, or triglyceride Fats are made up of two types of smaller molecules: glycerol and fatty acids Glycerol is a 3-C alcohol with a hydroxyl group attached to each carbon. An example of an ester is ethyl ethanoate. A fatty acid consists of a carboxyl group attached to a long hydrocarbon skeleton. 3) Proton transfer. identify the products formed from the hydrolysis of an given ester. 2) Nucleophilic attack by water. Fats and oils as big esters. AFMC 2005: The group linkage present in fats is (A) peptide linkage (B) ester linkage (C) glycosidic linkage (D) None of these. It is formed by dehydration synthesis (when two small molecules join together by removing H2O) Esters can be cleaved back into a carboxylic acid and an alcohol by reaction with water and a base.The reaction is called a saponification from the Latin sapo which means soap.The name comes from the fact that soap used to me made by the ester hydrolysis of fats. For example, the ester acetylcholine is responsible for nerve stimuli. Check Answer and Solution for above Chemistry question - Tardigrade